A Rundown on Dog Surgeries
Veterinary surgery is just one of the 22 veterinary specialties acknowledged in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Those desiring to become board-certified should undergo a one-year clinical internship and three years of intensive training in a residency program. Under the surgical specialization are subspecialties that cater to different areas.
Common Surgical Procedures
One of the most common sterilization methods for dogs is spaying (ovariohysterectomy) which removes both the ovaries and uterus of female dogs, and neutering (castration), which includes removing the dog’s testicles. The sterilization procedure is one of the most common surgical procedures executed in a vet hospital.
The surgical procedure remains the most commonly performed treatment for vet cancer patients. Surgical oncology often causes long-term control of the disease, helping your dog live longer. Check out this “vet surgery near me” page if you’re looking for a comprehensive facility.
Cataract surgery usually needs a general anesthetic. In addition, a muscle relaxant is given to help the eye sit in the proper placement during the operation. The cataract removal is called phacoemulsification.
There are numerous premises why your dog may require vet dental surgery. Common dental procedures include removal of growths, repair of dental defects, repair of jaw fracture, and tumor removal. Pet dental care is crucial for the general health of your dog.
Veterinary orthopedic surgery pertains to any surgical procedures that fix broken bones, spines, joints, muscles, or torn ligaments. The primary objective of orthopedic surgery is to restore the placement of bones where they should be. Visit this “animal hospital near me” for a facility offering comprehensive solutions.
Canine cardiology surgery is the medical field that treats a dog’s cardiovascular system. The goal is to address issues like valvular degeneration, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and congenital heart disease.
Anesthesia in animals resembles human anesthesia, yet there are some differences. Local anesthesia is commonly used for wound closure and removal of tumors. General anesthesia is widely used in major surgical procedures.
Caring for Your Dog After a Surgery
A lot of the post-op care for your dog will fall on your shoulder. These are some basic preventative measures, yet you need to always adhere to the discharge instructions of your veterinarian if there are discrepancies.
Immediate Post-op Care
Your dog will be monitored by skilled nurses and veterinary staff in the recovery room, ensuring all vital signs are within normal range. Your veterinarian will notify you if your pet is ready to go home. In case of complications, your vet will make the necessary post-operative plan. Before taking your dog home, be sure to understand every discharge guideline from the veterinarian.
Post-op Home Care
Keeping your pet in a quiet area is ideal since rest is crucial for your dog’s recovery. Your vet may suggest putting your dog in a crate for much of their recovery time. Do not leave a bone or a toy in the chest without supervision. During recovery, the only time you should allow your pet to go outside is for elimination purposes.
In most cases, your dog will need painkillers; these pain relievers may affect their coordination. Antibiotics help prevent the wound from getting an infection. Monitor surgical sites closely for infection, swelling, bruising or emitting a foul odor.
Your pet will need to return for a follow-up. During this consultation, the vet will remove skin stitches or staples. Depending upon the case, other instructions may include an x-ray or other tests to ensure that your dog is healing properly.